Technological revolution in the Russian oil industry, 1870s to 1900s


Fundamental changes occurred in all branches of the Russian oil industry during the late 19th century. In extraction, simple wells gave way to oil shafts with the subsequent transition to mechanical drilling. In processing, new apparata for continuous refining and distillation appeared. In addition to kerosene, the Russian oil industry developed production of mineral oil on the initiative of V. I. Ragozin. The growing industry required a serious modernization of oil transport. The first oil pipeline was built by A. V. Bari firm for the Nobel brothers’ consortium in 1878. Russia developed its tanker fleet for the Caspian Sea and barges for the river transportation of oil products, designed by V. G. Shukhov. These new components of the oil industry infrastructure helped Russia emerge as a major oil producing power.


Recommended bibliographic description

, , Technological revolution in the Russian oil industry, 1870s to 1900s, Voprosy Istorii Estestvoznaniia i Tekhniki [Studies in History of Science and Technology], , p.  283-297

    © Studies in the History of Science and Technology: Quarterly scientific journal of the Russian Academy of Sciences (2015)
    ISSN 0205-9606. Индекс 70143